E3: Residual Stress Neutron Diffractometer at BER II


  • Mirko Boin Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie
  • Robert C. Wimpory Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie




The E3 residual stress neutron diffractometer operated at Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin (HZB) is designed for studies in material science and engineering applications. Recent upgrade activities have made the instrument faster and more adaptable to different types of measurement. Thus, E3 has become more attractive to a broad user community, including industry, and increased substantially its scientific output.


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Boin, M., & Wimpory, R. C. (2014, 1). Upgrade Activities on the E3 Residual Stress Neutron Diffractometer. In International conference on residual stresses 9 (icrs 9) (Vol. 768, pp. 31–35). http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.768-769.31

Chmielus, M., Witherspoon, C., Wimpory, R. C., Paulke, A., Hilger, A., Zhang, X., . . . Müllner, P. (2010). Magnetic-field-induced recovery strain in polycrystalline Ni-Mn-Ga foam. Journal of Applied Physics, 108(12). http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3524503

Hemmesi, K., Siegele, D., & Farajian, M. (2014, 10). Numerical investigation of welding residual stress field and its behaviour under multiaxial loading in tubular joints. In Residual stresses ix (Vol. 996, pp. 788–793). Trans Tech Publications. http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.996.788

Hensel, J., Nitschke-Pagel, T., Dilger, K., & Schoenborn, S. (2014). Eigenspannungen und Schwingfestigkeit von geschweißten Längssteifen aus hochfesten Stählen. HTM Journal of Heat Treatment and Materials, 69(1), 14-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.3139/105.110209

Hoelzel, M., Gan, W., Hofmann, M., Randau, C., Seidl, G., Jüttner, P., & Schmahl, W. (2013). Rotatable multifunctional load frames for neutron diffractometers at FRM II - design, specifications and applications. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 711, 101 - 105. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2013.01.049

Kromm, A. (2014, 10). Evaluation of weld filler alloying concepts for residual stress engineering by means of neutron and x-ray diffraction. In Residual stresses ix (Vol. 996, pp. 469–474). http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.996.469

Randau, C., Garbe, U., & Brokmeier, H.-G. (2011). StressTextureCalculator: a software tool to extract texture, strain and microstructure information from area-detector measurements. Journal of Applied Crystallography, 44(3), 641–646. http://dx.doi.org/10.1107/S0021889811012064

Rolfs, K., Chmielus, M., Wimpory, R., Mecklenburg, A., Müllner, P., & Schneider, R. (2010). Double twinning in Ni-Mn-Ga-Co. Acta Materialia, 58(7), 2646 - 2651. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2009.12.051

Schöbel, M., Jonke, J., Degischer, H., Paffenholz, V., Brendel, A., Wimpory, R., & Michiel, M. D. (2011). Thermal fatigue damage in monofilament reinforced copper for heat sink applications in divertor elements. Journal of Nuclear Materials, 409(3), 225 - 234. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2010.12.242

Smith, M. C., Smith, A. C., Wimpory, R. C., Ohms, C., Nadri, B., & Bouchard, P. J. (2010). Optimising Residual Stress Measurements and Predictions in aWelded Benchmark Specimen: A Review of Phase 2 of the NeT Task Group 1 Single Bead on Plate Round Robin. Proc. of the ASME Pressure Vessels and Piping Conference 2009. Materials and Fabrication, Parts A and B, 6(PVP2009-77157), 277-301. http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/PVP2009-77157

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Strobl, M., Hilger, A., Boin, M., Kardjilov, N., Wimpory, R., Clemens, D., . . . Manke, I. (2011). Time-of-flight neutron imaging at a continuous source: Proof of principle using a scintillator CCD imaging detector. Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research Section A: Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment, 651(1), 149 - 155. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.nima.2010.12.121

Wimpory, R., Mikula, P., Šaroun, J., Poeste, T., Li, J., Hofmann, M., & Schneider, R. (2008). Efficiency Boost of the Materials Science Diffractometer E3 at BENSC: One Order of Magnitude Due to a Horizontally and Vertically Focusing Monochromator. Neutron News, 19(1), 16-19. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10448630701831995

Wimpory, R. C., Fuß, T., Klaus, M., & Genzel, C. (2011, 5). Bridging gaps in surface zone residual stress analysis using complementary probes for strain depth profiling. In Residual stresses viii (Vol. 681, pp. 411–416). Trans Tech Publications. http://dx.doi.org/10.4028/www.scientific.net/MSF.681.411

Woracek, R., Penumadu, D., Kardjilov, N., Hilger, A., Boin, M., Banhart, J., & Manke, I. (2014). 3D Mapping of Crystallographic Phase Distribution using Energy-Selective Neutron Tomography. Advanced Materials, 26(24), 4069–4073. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adma.201400192

Woracek, R., Penumadu, D., Kardjilov, N., Hilger, A., Strobl, M., Wimpory, R. C., . . . Banhart, J. (2011). Neutron bragg-edge-imaging for strain mapping under in situ tensile loading. Journal of Applied Physics, 109(9). http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3582138

Cite article as: Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie. (2016). E3: Residual Stress Neutron Diffractometer at BER II. Journal of large-scale research facilities, 2, A100. http://dx.doi.org/10.17815/jlsrf-2-126